Features

From one Journalist to Another– An Interview with Jessica Pressler

By Gabi Isenberg

May 4, 2022

If all journalists reported like Jessica Pressler, we’d never be bored. In 2018, she took the world by storm with her article on Anna Delvey, which was turned into a Netflix Series in 2022. In 2019, another one of her articles became a movie starring Jennifer Lopez. How is it that Jessica Pressler has impacted the world so greatly, but we know so little about her?

“It started with money, as it so often does in New York.” These words began Jessica’s groundbreaking article, “Maybe She Had So Much Money She Just Lost Track Of It”. These words introduced the world to Anna Delvey. Anna Delvey, born Anna Sorokin, is a Russian-born German con-artist. She pretended to be a German heiress in order to con people out of millions of dollars. Anna served two years in prison for frauding people and is now in U.S. custody for overstaying her visa. She is currently in the process of being deported. Jessica’s New York Magazine on Anna Delvey was written while Anna was in prison. And the article was so good, Netflix turned it into a series. 

Inventing Anna follows a journalist (Jessica Pressler) who is investigating the actions of Anna Delvey. In the show however, Jessica’s real name is not used. Her name is Vivan Kent. In the movie of her other article, Hustlers, her real name is not used either. 

“I think it’s a whole legal thing, but as I understand it if you are going to fictionalize a character, like change major factual details about their lives and/or have them do things they didn’t do– then you can’t use their real name without their permission and buying their ‘life rights’.” Jessica said in an email to me. “But, in my case, I did not want the journalist character in Hustlers or Inventing Anna to be named for me, so I guess that was my decision. And both are heavily fictionalized.” 

If you’ve read any of Jessica’s articles, you know that the majority of them deal with a scandal. But they’re told in a way so that no one seems like that bad guy. Everyone gets a fair shake at telling their side of the story. It’s a common theme in most of the articles and it’s one of things that makes Jessica’s reporting so famous and captivating. In most articles, you see one side of the story. Whatever the law enforcement or general population has dubbed a person seems to be the side that is reported on. But like she did in her article about Anna Delvey, she tells everyone’s side of the story. 

“I’m definitely drawn to stories where there is some kind of conflict, because they have a natural sort of tension and dramatic arc and also because there’s the possibility of finding interesting and nuanced characters. We have a sort of cultural tendency in the US to categorize people as “good” or “bad” especially lately but really the people who are one thing or the other are in the minority, most people are combination of positive and negative traits and I feel like it’s interesting to see the good in a supposedly bad person or the bad in a supposedly good person.” she stated. 

Pennsylvania Water Parks

By Stella Empfield

May 4, 2022

Summer is coming around the corner and Pennsylvanians are always looking for something to do. Pennsylvania is filled with water parks that are really fun. Pennsylvania has a surprising number of water park, including: Sandcastle Water Park, DelGrosso’s Amusement Park and Lagoona Splash, Splash Lagoon, Idlewild and Soak Zone, Kalahari Indoor Water park, Pirates Cove, Aquatopia Water Park, Dorney Park & WIldWater Kingdom, Hershey Park, etc. 

Pennsylvania’s most popular water park is Hershey Park. There are so many fun water slides and rides. The tallest water slide in Pennsylvania is the Aquablast at Dorney Park in Lehigh County. Nearby Idlewild is the oldest water park in Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1878. This summer, take a road trip to one of these fun and popular water parks, and hope you have fun. 

What is an NFT?

By Liam Hunter

April 14, 2022

An NFT is a vast new universe of money making. NFT stands for a “non-fungible token.” An NFT is like a unique online trading card. Each NFT is one of a kind and can not be replaced. 

NFTs are usually sold with cryptocurrency. A cryptocurrency is a digital currency that doesn’t rely on a government or a bank to establish or maintain its value. The most well-known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin. Investing in cryptocurrency  carries risk because the cryptocurrency could fall in value and investors can lose the money they put into it. 

The reason people buy NFTs is to be able to say that they have the original file. An NFT can be viewed by anyone, but there is built in technology in each NFT to prove which buyer has the original file. A NFT can only be owned by one person at a time. 

NFTs are a popular investment in the tech world. Think about it this way,  there is an original Picasso painting so the owner has the one and only painting; any other versions of the painting are copies and not worth as much. At the same time, if interest in Picasso paintings decreases, so will the value of the original. So if everybody moves on from an NFT then the NFT will all lose its value.  

In Junior High a couple of years ago everybody wanted fidget spinners, but then they moved on to slime. When slime was “in,”  nobody cared about fidget spinners. It is all about what is in and popular.

Investors looking to make a profit off their NFTs need to sell it while it is popular  in order to make money.  When an NFT loses popularity it can then be worth less than the investor bought it for and he or she won’t make a profit. 

NFTs are what is in right now. They can possibly make people millions, but a wrong move can result in losing the money someone put into it. Investors have to weigh the pros and cons of buying NFTs and make the best decision for them. 

Profiling 101: The Case of New Teachers

By Jackson Matty

April 5, 2022

In this case of Profiling 101, new teachers are the prime focus. The Indiana Area School District has had many teachers come and go due to retirements and other circumstances. Recently, many new teachers have entered the school, but not much is known about them. Who are they?

The first new teacher being profiled is:.

Christina Brooks 

Christina Brooks (known as Mrs. Brooks) is the long term substitute teacher for English teacher Mrs. Smith. She grew up in New Kensington, PA, and graduated from North Greenville University in South Carolina with a degree in Secondary Education– English. Before IASD, she used to teach at Burrell High School in Lower Burrell, PA. Mrs. Brooks shared who inspired her to become a teacher. “A teacher I had in high school. I was a problem child in her classroom. One day I was called into her room. I assumed I was in trouble, but she had breakfast waiting for me. She just wanted to chat and ask me about my life and my interests and my struggles. It really changed the direction I was headed as a student. She truly cared for her kids. I wanted to do for others what she did for me.”

The second new teacher being profiled is:
Julie Shirley

Julie Shirley(known as Mrs. Shirley) is the new Computer Concepts teacher, alongside Mrs. Brocious. She grew up in a town called Patterson Township in Beaver Falls, PA. She attended Blackhawk High School, graduated from Edinboro University, and is currently attending IUP and will graduate in December of 2022. Mrs. Shirley shared what inspired her to start teaching. “I used to own a daycare and enjoyed playing and teaching the children something new every day.Her favorite hobby she shared is that she is into running. “Running is my favorite hobby. I began my running career when I was 12 years old and have not stopped. I ran two years of cross country in high school and six years of track. Over the years, my mileage increased from sprints to running marathons. I have run over twenty marathons, many half marathons, and too many 5ks to count. I plan to run the Pittsburgh Marathon on May 1 and then run my longest distance at the 32 mile summer equinox challenge on the Ghost Town Trail on June 18. I recently became a track coach for the Junior High School and am excited to watch the students grow and excel as they train to accomplish their goals as I cheer them on at my favorite sport.”

The third teacher being profiled is:

Kathryn Gaudreau

Kathryn Gaudreau(known as Mrs. Gaudreau) is the new librarian at the school. Mrs. Gaudreau grew up in State College, PA. She went to State College High School, received BA (Bachelor of Arts) degrees from Penn State, and graduated from IUP with a graduate degree. Before teaching in Indiana, she worked as a substitute teacher for three years at Marion Center High School, and then went on to be a 9th grade teacher there also. “Compared to Marion Center, Indiana is quite a bit bigger and located in a much more suburban setting.  Marion Center is a good school but very rural.” Mrs. Gaudreau shared what inspired her to start teaching. “It started with educational programming with local historical societies, and I loved sharing with others how amazing history and books and reading are.” She also shared one of her favorite hobbies. “I spend many of my weekends doing living history activities. That means I dress as a person from a different time period and recreate how they would have spent their time.”

These new teachers are a wonderful addition to our IJHS family. We are lucky to have them. 

Opportunities presented during Flex

By Jeanice Hill

April 5, 2022

Battlebots, recycled art, ceramics; these are just a few of the many activities Indiana Area Junior High has available to students this year. During COVID, school seemed to be all lessons and no fun. This year, however, the school has provided new opportunities to get students involved. There are many students getting involved and are enjoying the outlet that extracurricular activities provide. They have so many positive outcomes and effects on the students that pursue them.

A majority of people would argue that it is important to expand your interests. A middle school will offer activities like this in order to get students engaged and excited about learning. A middle school is supposed to help its students discover which way they learn best and what they want to be when they grow up so they can take high school classes pertaining to that subject. By introducing these opportunities, Indiana Area Junior High is encouraging its students to expand their interests and pursue the opportunities presented to them. 

As for the more artsy side of the activities offered, students from Ceramics and Recycled arts such as Taylor Rowe and Anna Kauffman (grade 8), have reported that they feel the art is calming and is like a retreat from the rest of the school day. They also say that they’ve made friends that they otherwise wouldn’t socialize with. By joining the program, they learned things they didn’t learn in their art classes. Things like this make joining activities worth it. It could help someone discover that they want to become a sculptor or an artist. 

For BattleBots, Laura Keppich was interviewed. She joined this program because the opportunity struck her interest. She enjoys working with kids from other grades and group up with them to create the bots. “I have made so many new friends that I would never have even known their name without this program! I am glad I joined and I believe everyone should expand their interests so they will explore what they want to be.”

Besides BattleBots and art programs, there are also several music-related programs for those who play instruments or sing. Every Tuesday and Thursday, the Indiana Area Junior High orchestra meets and makes music. Every Wednesday, the Vocal Ensemble- a group of 7th and 8th graders with extreme singing talent- meet and sing their hearts out. For VE, musicians have to audition to join by singing the National Anthem, or The Star Spangled Banner. For orchestra, students  must simply play a string instrument such as a violin, viola, cello, or upright bass.

Studies have shown that just listening to music provides a workout for your brain. However, playing music provides a whole-brain workout that also boosts your fine-motor skills by using your fingers to play the instrument. By pursuing these opportunities, kids allow their brains to grow and expand faster, and by choosing to do new things they also expand their interests. 

Everyone should choose to expand their interests. Not only can one find something new to enjoy, but you could also help nourish your brain and grow into an amazing human being.

Getting Ready for the PSSAs

By Emma Palmer

April 5, 2022

It is that time of year again: PSSA testing!  Here is some useful information to get students prepared for these annual assessments.

Sixth and seventh graders take PSSAs for  ELA and Math, and eighth graders take ELA, Math, and Science tests. ELA testing starts on April 26 and ends on April 28th; Math testing starts on May 3 and ends on May 4; and Science testing starts on May 5 and ends on May 6.

The PSSAs stands for Pennsylvania System of School Assessment. The test is based upon Advanced, Proficient ,Basic, Below basic.  There is no time limit when taking the PSSAs. PSSA results usually end up coming in the summer and parents receive them in the mail. Even if the PSSAs stress you out, don’t worry, just do your best! 

Pranksters’ Delight: April Fools Day

By Adrianna Cammarata

March 18, 2022

April Fools day is just a couple of weeks away and pranksters around the world are making plans. Let’s take a look at how this “holiday” came about. 

It is believed that April Fools started back in 1582, with people playing practical pranks. Soon enough, it became a tradition.  The first official April fools “holiday” was celebrated in Odessa, Ukraine.  Even though no one knows exactly how or why this tradition was made, it was and is still celebrated as a holiday each year to bring laughter and fun memories. 

The name “April fools” remains a mystery, but there are theories.  One theory states that April Fools comes from a playful reference by writer Geoffrey Chaucer. 

“April Fools” is an ongoing tradition. April fools is the one time of year, when friends can prank each other.  Some April Fools pranks are epic and crazy. One crazy prank was “Pasta grows on trees” from 1957. On April Fools Day in 1957 people put pasta on a tree as a joke, and other people seemed to believe it. The person who did that remains a mystery. 


On another April Fools day in 1996, someone played a prank called “The Taco Liberty Bell,” in 1996. Taco Bell pranked people by telling them they had bought the Liberty Bell to help the national debt, but soon enough they admitted that it was a joke, but still donated $50,000.

An Inside View of the Musical

By Connor Fleming

March 18, 2022

This year, on the 11th, 12th, and 13th, of March the IJHS produced the musical The Little Mermaid.  This is one of the biggest Disney favorites out there. This show really excited the community. The original storyline was written by Doug Wright and the lyrics were created by Howard Ashman Glenn Slater. The cast and crew consisted of many devoted students. 

The musical featured Lilli Fleming as Ariel, Edward Sparks as the Pilot, Zayne Hostetter as Prince Eric, Jonas Vick as Grimsby, Cricket Baunoch as Flounder, Connor Fleming as Scuttle, Griffin Poole-Smith as King Triton, Emelia Campisano as Sebastian, Maddie Jablunovsky as Flotsam, Eva Nealen as Jetsam, Audrey Yang as Ursula, and Grayson Brunetto as Chef Louis. 

The director of the musical was Mrs. Aleah Kessell. The Music director was Dr. Jason Rummel, the Pit director was Mr. Zack Karcher, the Choreographer was Ms. Amy Kukula, and the musical set designer was Ms. Tegan McCune. There also were many students in the musical who helped and did backstage management as part of the tech crew, costume crew, the live pit, and the props crew. 

This was one of the best shows ever performed by the IJHS, but it also took lots of time and effort.  Daily rehearsals leading up to the show made the whole production come to life. The hard work of all the cast and crew was evident. Congratulations on a great show!

Like Wordle? Try These

By Gabi Isenberg

March 18, 2022

The ever-popular Wordle game recently took the nation by storm. The original Wordle is played by having six tries to guess a five-letter word. The color of the tiles show how close your guess was to the word. If the tile is green, your letter is in the right spot. If it’s yellow, the letter is in the word but in the wrong spot. If the letter is gray, it is not in the word at all. The game is so popular that variations have overtaken the internet. All with the same basic idea, these games are a good way to continue your Wordle fun. 

One of the most popular Wordle variations is Wordle Unlimited. In the original Wordle, there is one word to guess a day. Everyone gets the same word (don’t be the person to spoil the Wordle for everyone else!). In Wordle Unlimited, there are unlimited Wordle puzzles that you can play anytime. This is popular because you don’t have to wait 24 hours to play the next game. Here’s the link to play: Wordle Unlimited.

 If you love music, Heardle is for you. This game is a bit different from Wordle. In this game, there is a song each day that you have to listen to and guess the title. The program starts by giving you one second of the intro to listen to. If you know it from the first second, you type your guess into the box at the bottom. If you’re not sure, you hit skip and the game gives you another second to listen to. There are usually a total of about 15 seconds of the song. The goal is to guess the song correctly in the least number of seconds. If you want to play Heardle, visit this website: Heardle.

Maybe you’re more of a math person and Wordle seems boring to you. Fear not, because there is a Wordle variation for you! Nerdle is based on the same concept as Wordle – except with numbers! You’re trying to guess an equation in six tries. The squares are gray if the number isn’t in the equation at all, they’re purple if the number’s in the equation but in the wrong spot, and they’re green if it’s in the right spot. You don’t need to be a mathematician to play this game, though! The equations used are simple (e.x. 33-10-23) and easy to guess through the process of elimination. If you want to play, click here: Nerdle

Wordle is a great way to challenge your brain and have fun. But it gets a little tedious to play the same game over and over again. Try these variations to keep the fun going!

Traveling in the Age of COVID-19

By Gabi Isenberg and Lily Manzi

March 4, 2022

COVID changed a lot of things in peoples’ daily lives. Schools and businesses were forced to close, masks had to be worn when leaving the house, and toilet paper became hard to come by. Now, the world is starting to open back up and that means that travel is too. 

Airports were one of the biggest concerns during the height of the pandemic. Traveling out of the country could mean bringing more than just luggage – passengers could also be carrying COVID-19. While airports never fully shut down, they had quite a few restrictions. Even now, almost two years after the pandemic started, airports still have restrictions. 

We got a first-hand look at how airports are handling out-of-country travel during COVID. On February 19th, we traveled out of the country to La Romana, Dominican Republic. We first traveled to Pittsburgh International Airport, which is the most commonly-used airport among residents in Indiana, PA. There weren’t many differences – spare the mask mandate, social distancing floor stickers, and hand sanitizer stations. When we boarded the plane, they informed us that masks were to be worn at all times. By being on the plane, you agreed to wear your mask unless eating or drinking. If you did not agree to wear a mask, they would remove you from the plane before takeoff. 

The next airport we stopped at was Fort Lauderdale International Airport in Florida. We were just here for a layover, but it was the same as Pittsburgh – mask requirements and hand sanitizer. Our final destination was the next airport we arrived at – Punta Cana International Airport in the Dominican Republic. This was a bit different because we had to go through customs and immigration since we were in a different country. They still required masks, but we had to pull them down so that the customs officers could identify us from our passports. The passport checks, eating, and were the only places on the flights and layovers that you could pull your mask down. They did have masks that you could use if your mask broke or if you didn’t have one.

At the end of our trip, we had to get a COVID test to re-enter the United States. We had to get the tests in the morning and get the papers that said that we were negative in the afternoon. The resort that we stayed at offered insurance in case you tested positive for covid. They had a wing of the rooms that you could stay in if you were COVID positive. The staff of the hotel would bring you meals and necessities that you need. 

In total, other than the mask mandates and testing,  the experience in airports and on during the vacation was easy and not much different than  normal flying and travel experiences. 

We Love Books

By Ellie Coleman

March 4, 2022

Different people like different things, such as food, colors, clothes, people, and more. One of these things is books. Many people see books as a way for them to travel to distant lands or times, make friends with interesting characters, or as a war to connect to and understand other situations. 

At Indiana Junior High School the students were asked to take a poll in which they answered the following questions:

What is your favorite book? 

What is your favorite book series?  

What grade are you in? 

Would you like to have a chance to get interviewed if your choice is a popular choice? 

When the results were in there were 87 responses. The majority was 6th graders with a couple of 8th graders and 7th graders who also participated.  The top book series was Harry Potter, followed by the Diary of a Wimpy Kid series and the Percy Jackson books. 

The results showed many other  things. First question, when asked about favorite books, the survey showed that people like different genres such as: fantasy, scary stories, adventures, humor, and mystery stories. Another thing the survey showed is that someone may have friends who like completely different books, and there are many grand stories that have not been heard

Ranking the Super Bowl Ads

By Gracie Reed

March 4, 2022

An estimated 208 million people watched the Super Bowl on February 13. While many watched to see which team would be the “champions of the world,” just as many probably watched to see the amazing ads for which the Super Bowl is also known. 

  • Amazon ~ This ad is about what it would be like if Alexa could read your mind. Now, although it could be a good thing, it isn’t always! One really big thing is that if you’re lying, it will expose you!(As shown in the ad) But something good that the ad showed was being able to turn on the TV or turn on the blender. I would rate this ad a 8/10.
  • T – Mobile ~ In this ad a guy is complaining about paying too much for home internet and another guy who has T – Mobile who is his neighbor is saying how he doesn’t pay a lot at all and that he is happy. They also sing about it instead of talking, which to me is annoying but others may not agree with me. I would rate this ad a 5/10.
  • Avocados From Mexico ~ This ad is about avocados from Mexico. A group of people are standing there and a guy asks them if they want some avocados from Mexico. They say yes and the guy lays out all of these things with avocados in them. Everyone starts eating them and they all have a party and it shows them enjoying them so much. I would rate this ad a 9/10.
  • Carvana ~ This ad is about a lady who orders her car online with Carvana. She tells everyone she sees about it and her son gets really annoyed about it. She also keeps telling the son that she bought a car off of Carvana over and over and over again. Everyone looks really annoyed with her but she continues to do it. I would rate this ad a 6/10.
  • Super Bowl ~ This ad is hilarious! All of the NFL players jump out of the TV and start destroying their home. The two teams are fighting with each other too. Some of them are playing by the pool and when they go to catch the ball they fall in. One of them is also on the treadmill running when a player from the other team comes over and unplugs it and the player goes flying and the football lands in Granny’s mouth! Then she spits it out and wakes up. Finally, the players get sucked back in, but then the two kids’ parents get home and are like “What happened?!” Then Granny comes by and says, “Football!” I would rate this ad an 11/10.

There were many good and bad ads that premiered but those are some of my favorite and least favorites. During the 2022 Super Bowl, NBC charged companies $6.5 million to play a 60 second ad. That’s a lot of money! But, with how many people watch the Super Bowl, it has to be worth it!  The Super Bowl wouldn’t be the Super Bowl without the ads.

Super Bowl Half Time Rocks

By Emily Ferraro

March 4, 2022

The Super Bowl Half Time Show of 2022 at the SoFi Stadium seemed to be a hit for most. Peacock stated that “over 11.2 people streamed the halftime show in 2022.”

The Super Bowl Half Time Show featured the artists Dr.Dre, Snoop Dog, Mary J Blige, Eminem, 50 Cent.and Kendrick Lamar. I asked students what their favorite artist/artists featured in the show were and this is how they answered. Ben Ferraro (6th), said his favorite artist was Dr.Dre. Anna Carnovale (8th), said she liked Eminem and his songs and she also liked the cars on stage. Addy Hutton (8th) stated that her favorite artist was 50 cent because she liked how he was hanging upside down from the ceiling which shocked viewers

As you can see the halftime show of 2022 was a huge hit. The show want just a hit for kids but for adults as well.  “It was like a family reunion as the two Cali boys came together to rock that jam from “2001” in front of the hometown crowd. Dre and Snoop were no doubt the heart of this halftime show “… said the New York post. 

Read Across American Spirit Week

By Stella Empfield and Lily Manzi

February 10, 2022

 Ready for IJHSs Spirit Week for Read Across America? Read Across America was started in 1998 by the National Education Association (NEA) as a way to encourage children to read. According to the NEA, one  million students participate in Read Across America each year. 

The date for the IJHS Read Across America Spirit Week is February 28th-March 4. Every day that a student dresses up, he or she will receive a PBIS ticket. A lot of students grew up reading Dr. Seuss books, and most people said that Green Eggs and Ham is their favorite.

Horace Mann and East Pike Elementary schools are participating in Read Across America Week as well.  East Pike is inviting all of their students to dress up as their favorite book character. Horace Mann will be asking students to try to guess a popular children’s book that will be announced on the morning announcements. Each question a student gets right they will get a chance to win a prize.  Students will also get to have some quiet reading time in their classrooms. A fun and traditional book swap will also be held by the PTA sometime throughout the week. Horace Mann will have dress up theme days.  

Spirit Week is a long tradition that many schools suggest their students doing. A lot of students and teachers over the years have participated in the fun and engaging activities that happen. We are very excited for Spirit Week and we hope you are too!!

A Word On Valentine’s Day

By Emily Ferraro

February 10, 2022

Valentine’s Day is just around the corner. Some people may celebrate Valentine’s Day with flowers, candy and plush teddy bears. Many people are not familiar with the history or have heard the name St.Valentine. Here are some traditions and legends associated with this holiday. 

One legend contends that St. Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. St.Valentine realized the grievance of the decree and continued to perform marriages in secret. When his actions were discovered he was ordered to be put to death but was later made a saint by the Catholic church.

The first valentine may have been sent when Valentine actually sent the first ‘‘Valentine’’ to a young girl he fell in love with who was supposedly the jailer’s daughter. It was signed ‘‘From your Valentine.’’ 

Some Valentine’s Day traditions include exchanging gifts of flowers, chocolates, and teddy bears. Some people go to the movies and go on picnics. People in the world spend an average of $29.3 billion dollars on Valentines day activities each year. That’s crazy!

As you can see Valentines day has a lot of history behind it. Many people also just use it as a day to spend time with the ones they love, but let’s be honest if you can’t tell your significant other you love them everyday then do you really? Why would you need to spend all that money when all you have to say is I LOVE YOU. Anyways Happy Valentine’s day!

Phil Says Six More Weeks of Winter

By Emma Palmer and Gracie Reed

February 10, 2022

Groundhog Day is celebrated every year on February 2nd. Groundhog Day is a special day for Punxsutawney and other weather watchers around the country. Groundhog Day is when the keepers of Punxsutawney Phil(the groundhog) take him out and have him predict whether it is going to be an early spring or a long winter that year. 

How does he decide which it’s going to be?  According to tradition, if Phil comes out of his burrow and sees his shadow it’s a long winter and if he doesn’t, it’s an early spring. Not everyone believes in the magic, but whether you do or not, it’s still fun to watch! 

Some Indiana Junior High students have had the opportunity to attend the Groundhog Day celebration. Sixth grade Kathryn Aiken  has gone to see Punxsutawney Phil in person and so has Brinley Walker in sixth grade.

The majority of people interviewed think that it is going to be a long winter; some include Keely Hodgkinson, Samantha Martin, and Claire Brewer. Sadee Bowditch said that she hopes it will be a long spring but is not confident that her wish will come true. Snow is fun, but freezing outside is not!

Groundhog Day was originally a day when clergy would distribute candles needed for winter. The candles were said to tell how cold and how long that winter would be. The Germans expanded on this by picking an animal, which used to be a hedgehog, to predict the weather. The tradition was carried to the United States and the groundhog was chosen to predict the weather by the Punxsutawney community. Some people say that the groundhog is replaced when it dies, but others, including the keepers, say that they give him something magical that helps him live forever.

On February 2, 2022, Punxsutawney Phil came out of his burrow and saw his shadow. That means that there will be six more weeks of winter. Not everyone will be excited about this but others who like the cold probably will!

Wordle-mania

By Andrew Russell

Do you like puzzles? Well you should play Wordle! Wordle is a word game created by Josh Wardle, a Brooklyn software developer. The game was made in November of 2021 it had 90 players, next in the middle of the month 300,000 players joined, and now over millions of people play the game every day! On the 31st of January 2022, The New York Times bought the game. The game sold for over one million dollars.

How do you play Wordle? Wordle is a game that gives people a five letter word they have to figure out. Players can play it only once a day. There are six columns with five blank boxes. Players have to type out words they think it would be. When the box is green it means the letter is in the correct place and should stay in that spot. If the letter turns yellow it means it’s in the word but not in the right spot. And if it turns black it means the letter is not in the word. 

Currently, more than one million people play Wordle. This game is a good game to play while in the pandemic, it can get you through the day without even knowing that you’re at the end of the day. Also players can show friends or family how well they did. Another feature allows users to play other Wordle inspired games if they are  done with the daily word. Players can get Wordle Archives or Wordle Unlimited, which they can play all the time! 

Commemorating the Life and Legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

by Addison Porter

Most people know who Martin Luther King Jr. is and why there is a holiday dedicated to him, but most people don’t know about his past and what led up to his decision to be a civil rights activist. He was born in Atlanta,Georgia in 1929, into a middle class family. His childhood was influenced by his well educated parents, and generations of ancestors who were pastors. His family lived on Auburn Avenue, also known as “Sweet Auburn,” the bustling “Black Wall Street”. This area was one of the most prosperous and largest black businesses and churches before the civil rights movement. 

When King was around 6 years old, he experienced segregation.. Some of King’s white friends said they weren’t allowed to play with him anymore because they were about to go to segregated schools. This was one of his first experiences with segregation. After graduating high school at age 15, King went to Morehouse College in Atlanta in 1944. Before he went to college he spent his summer on a tobacco farm in Connecticut where race wasn’t an issue like it was in the South. His experience in his job made him realize how much could change for the South.

King’s beliefs would lead to his boycott of the bus system in Montgomery,Alabama in 1955. Along with other civil rights activists, including Rosa Parks, King led a boycott of the bus company because of their policy that required black people give up their seats to white people and then stand or sit in the back of the bus. 

In 1957 he was elected the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), which was dedicated to non-violent protests against racial segregation. In 1963 he was a part of the “March on Washington ” which drew more than 250,000 people to the National Mall. This protest was where he delivered the famous “I Have a Dream Speech”. 

Crimson Arrow Scavenger Hunt!

The Crimson Arrow is sponsoring a Scavenger Hunt! Pick up a copy of the Scavenger Hunt sheet outside of Room 302 OR write you answers on a sheet of paper (with your name) and turn your completed Scavenger Hunt into Mrs. Lockard in 302. Your entry will go into a drawing for a chance to win one of THREE gift cards to Amazon or Gamestop! Entries are due by DECEMBER 17th and the winners will be selected and announced on DECEMBER 21st.

Name______________                          		Crimson Arrow Scavenger Hunt

Find the answers to the following questions by searching the articles referenced in the Crimson Arrow.  The web address is https://jhcrimsonarrow.com/

Turn in your completed (and correct) Scavenger Hunt to Room 302 and your name will be entered into a drawing to win a GIFT CARD to AMAZON or GAMESTOP!  There will be three lucky winners!

______________  1.) What was the goat’s name in the article, Mrs.Stubbe Adopts A Goat?
  
______________ 2.) How much does ice skating sessions cost in the article, Tis The Season For Ice Skating? 

______________ 3.) For how long did Mrs Mitsko teach in the article, Broken Leg Leads to Broken hearts?

 ______________ 4.) What was the challenge that made our protectors, destroyers? (from the article, Protectors become Destroyers)

_______________5.) What were the date(s) of the performances of The Alice In The Wonderland Through The Looking Glass article?

______________6.) What date did Eisenhower catch fire in  the article Eisenhower Relocates To IJHS?  

______________  7.) What is Finley Stewart’s favorite song to play with her saxophone from the article, Let’s Make Some Noise?

______________ 8.) What is one way that animals can lower your stress level in the article, The Answer of Why We Have Pets?


______________ 9.) What was the name of the YMCA’s Halloween party in the article Bored for halloween? What to do to celebrate in Indiana, PA?

______________ 10.) Did girls like books or movies better in the article Books or Movies?

Christmas and Hanukkah Traditions

By Jackson Matty

December 3, 2021

When students think of Christmas or Hanukkah they often think of presents, food, and family. However, what many students don’t really think of are the other yearly traditions that take place during these holiday seasons.

Most people are familiar with Christmas.  Christmas was not always celebrated in the past. According to Metro.com, “The first recorded incidence of Christmas being celebrated actually dates all the way back to the Roman Empire in 336, during the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine.” Christmas wasn’t declared a United States federal holiday until June 26th, 1870. After that, Christmas became more celebrated, and now is the most popular holiday. 

Traditions for Christmas can range from many things, including traveling to a relative’s house or eating a certain food  Andrew Russell (6) shared what he and his family do on Christmas. “Every morning after we open presents, my family makes a big breakfast.  We each get assigned a food to make, and we have to make the food that we get assigned.” 

Emelia Campisano (8)  shared what she and her family do on Christmas. ¨My family and I tend to spend more time together during the holidays. Our biggest tradition is drinking hot cocoa while watching The Polar Express!¨

Another commonly celebrated holiday is Hanukkah. Also known as the “festival of lights,”  Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday which celebrates the victory of the Maccabees over the larger Syrian army. Hanukkah also celebrates what is considered to be a miracle: after the victory just a day’s supply of oil allowed the menorah in the rededicated Temple in Jerusalem to stay lit for eight days.

As for how Hanukkah is celebrated, the most common tradition is lighting the commemorative menorah. The first night, two candles are lit. Over the next seven days, a candle is lit each day until all eight candles are lit. Another common Hanukkah tradition is that all Hanukkah foods are fried in oil. Potato pancakes and jam-filled donuts are common to eat during this time.

Books or Movies

By Sydney Anderson

December 3, 2021

Books and movies are both fun ways to cry, love, embrace, and care about people that don’t even exist. Authors and directors can do things to make the readers or viewers feel truly a part of the scene. However, people always have a preference. 

Books are a great way to picture the characters and scenes while movies give you an actual visual of what’s going on. Most people prefer movies, due to the fact that reading takes more time. Others enjoy the silent pleasure of reading to themselves with the cliffhangers at each chapter.

 Out of all the people interviewed, most girls preferred the books while most boys preferred the movies. Girls claim that they enjoy taking the time to relax and read while picturing the images in their head. Boys stated that reading takes too much time and that they’d rather just watch a movie in two hours. They also said that reading can be boring if people do it for too long while girls said that although reading takes longer, it’s always more descriptive and intriguing. 

Ali Genchur (8), said, “Books, usually. Because sometimes, in the five percent, movies can be better than books.” She claims that in some cases, movies can be better than books.

Oliver John (8) said, “Movies, because movies are better than books.” He later claimed that books can be boring after too long.  

Reading can be lots of fun with imagination, however it does take time. Some people prefer the way of watching and observing a movie in about two hours. Usually, the book is more popular, but that’s not always the case. Out of the five people interviewed, three said they preferred books to movies. Next time someone sits on the couch and decides to watch a movie or read a book, maybe think about watching or reading something that correlates with the movie or book.

The Answer of Why We Have Pets

By: Ellie Coleman and Andrew Russel

November 22, 2021

Many people own animals, and think they are cute. What is the point of keeping them? This question ponders through many peoples’ heads. Is it just because they are cute? The answer is no, animals are very intelligent, can help a person’s health and some have a strong scent and can save your life.

Health benefits can come from having a pet. Animals are a great way to keep stress down. Actually, when a person touches an animal a stress related hormone is shown to decrease the level of stress. In fact when a person pets an animal their blood pressure lowers which makes them  calm. If somebody has trouble exercising they might want a dog because they need to get exercise and  will be reminded to go play with them or go for a walk.

Animals also are very smart, and they can work. Jobs that animals might do is to be in the military, coal mine, a catcher of mice or other rodents, and an aid to help people. Dogs are often used for these jobs, especially working in the military. This is because dogs have great senses like smell. Dogs are not the only military animals, they also train dolphins. Yes that is right, the U.S Navy is using dolphins to help them fight for peace. Animals also can save somebody’s life who has heart attacks, diabetes, or another thing like anxiety. 

Children are being helped by animals. Research shows that kids with ADHD in school when a dog is in their classroom focus better. Another research study says that kids who have autism spectrum disorder were calmer when they were playing with a class hamster. Even taking care of a goldfish has shown signs of helping some kids. Pets can help kids have a best friend. Children can tell secrets to their pet and also help them make other friends by sharing about their pet.

Lots of people mistaken the beliefs that pets could be dangerous to their family and home, but this is simply not true. Pets that are trained right will be well behaved. Give lots of affection, pets will love it and stick with their owners. Pets that are deemed dangerous are often given up. There are over 70 mil stray dogs and cats just in the U.S alone. 

In conclusion, pets are cute,but there is more to animals than meets the eyes. Animals are intelligent, and can be taught many things.  Animals can save people, help people, and give someone better health or a friend.

Mrs. Stubbe’s Class Adopts A Goat

  BY ADRIANNA CAMMARATA – 

November 10, 2021

Mrs.Stubbe’s class recently “adopted” a pet! No, it’s not in this school or at her home. In fact,  it lives in California. The goat’s name is Esperanza.  Mrs. Stubbe’s students go on a Google Meet with the goat every week. The goat doesn’t use a computer, and it can’t talk, but all of the students love and cherish Esperanza.

According to Mrs. Stubbe the class found out about the goat when “my student teacher found this website where you can adopt a virtual pet. She thought that it could be very neat to do that.”  Mrs. Stubbe saw that the animals all have disabilities and she thought it would be cool to adopt one.

Esperanza has no legs–well she has fake legs. While the class did “buy” the goat,  there are people that take care of all the pets. The class pays for the food and shelter at Charlie’s Acres in Sonoma, California.  Esperanza is very happy, healthy, and well fed. Esperanza is very playful and loving, and even without legs she  runs really fast. Just because she doesn’t have his two real legs, it doesn’t affect her life in any negative way. 

One Fun Fact is that Esperanza means “ Hope” in English. Mrs. Stubbe reported that the experience has helped her students’ learning in animals. While many of us want a goat,  most of us can’t have one. Esperanza the “online pet” may be the next best thing!

Ceramics Club to Class

 By ADDISON PORTER-

October 29, 2021

During the pandemic clubs and classes have not been able to do what has been done in the past.  As conditions change, it is very exciting to have some of them starting again. One club that has changed is the Ceramics Club.  The club is now a class and it is an important and evolving curricular program. This year there are 10 students that have joined. Students work in their grade levels and create new projects and learn more about the pottery wheels. The students’ art work from Ceramics Class will be shown in the display case near the front office and in the display case near the cafeteria. 

The sixth graders are sculpting an art piece that involves their first names, initials and a country’s culture. The seventh graders are making a container out of clay that looks like a specific dessert. Some of the eighth graders are currently working on a necklace if they choose. 

Ceramics teacher  Mrs.Weber really wants students to use and learn about the wheel, Sarah Gencher said her favorite part of using the pottery wheel is “the ability just to create things.”

After some changes and adjustments, everyone is excited for the class and what they will achieve. Mrs.Weber is excited that she is able to give students who are invested in art something else to work on and improve their skills. Mia Malobisky, Lauren Watkins, and Aubrey Simms are all excited for future projects. According to Mrs. Weber, however,  the most

Tis the Season for Skating

October 29, 2021

BY EMMA PALMER

Looking for something to do on the weekends? Indiana is fortunate to have a local ice skating rink.  As the weather gets colder, ice skating is a fun and affordable activity that anyone can do.

Learning to ice skate is relatively easy but often involves some falling! Experienced skaters warn that while it is easy to get used to, new skaters may find that falling might hurt a bit. S & T Arena does water the rink a lot so it is easier for beginners. Watering the rink means that they make it extra icey so skaters can get around easier. Most students seem to  prefer ice skating at night. 

Ice skating sessions cost $9.00 with skate rental, $6.00 without skate rental, and there is also a $30.00 group rate for up to six people. Weekday skates on Tuesday and Thursday are $3.00 including skate rental. Special events, such as Cosmic Skate on Saturday nights are $10.00. Most people find that  afforadble. Many students  said that figure skates are easier to skate in because they are thinner and have a smoother blade. Bundling up may be a good idea – it gets cold in there! 

So whether you are an experienced skater or new to the sport, skating is affordable and a lot of fun!

Broken Leg Leads to  Broken Hearts

BY ADRIANNA CAMMARATA AND RUBY WESTRICK –

October 29, 2021

Something is missing at Indiana Junior High.  After 31 years (not counting her three years as a student), long-time English teacher and recent librarian Mrs. Jeanne Mitsko retired at the end of the summer.  Mrs. Mitsko taught all levels of English from 6th to 8th grade as well as serving as the Junior High librarian and Student Council Advisor for her last two years.

One factor that contributed to her decision to retire was that Mrs. Mitsko broke her leg at a family reunion by slipping in wet grass.  After being in a cast for a couple of months, she is finally beginning to walk and do physical therapy. 

Mrs. Mitsko said that, among other factors, she was concerned that it would be hard to get around the school so she decided to retire.  

Unfortunately, Mrs. Mitsko is still doing paperwork at home, so she feels like she’s not technically retired. However, she also mentioned that she is feeling better and still reads daily. She misses her friends and students at school, yet she enjoys the free time she has at home. 

Mrs. Mitsko is missed by both her students and her fellow teachers and staff.  Students said they loved Mrs. Mitsko because she was positive, funny, and she had lots of snacks.  Fellow English teacher Mrs. Dongilla said, “I miss her compassion, her guidance, and her sense of humor.  She was very hard working and very kind.”  Best wishes to Mrs. Mitsko for a speedy recovery and happy retirement!

Student Check In

By Connor Fleming and Kate McKelvy

October 15, 2021

Students have a lot on their minds and a lot of things going on in their lives. Everyone likes different things, and knows different people. The Crimson Arrow surveyed students around the school to get their views on a variety of topics, such as goals for the year and  activities in which they were involved.

Destiny Gribsaw, 7th grade,  said that one of her biggest goals is to make more friends. She is involved in  karate, which is not  a very common sport. Outside of school she likes to paint. 

Seventh grader Ellie Clark said that one of her biggest goals is to get good grades.  One of the sports she is involved in is swimming. Outside of school she likes to draw  cats, while she uses her cat as a model! 

Lilli Fleming, 8th grade, said that she has started to crochet an afghan for her grandmother and her goal is to  finish it by winter. At this  time she is not involved in any sports because of a dirt bike wreck earlier this  summer. She can play multiple instruments and loves to sing.

 8th grader Taylor Rowe said that one of her goals was to get all As this year.  One of the sports she is involved in is softball. One of the things she really likes to do outside of school is practicing softball in her backyard.

Bored for Halloween? What to do to celebrate in Indiana, PA

By: Liam Hunter

October 15, 2021

Did you know that there are many different things you can do to celebrate Halloween that are close to home? Check out the following Halloween-themed activities and cool attractions– all within an hour drive of Indiana!. 

To start us off,  the YMCA of Indiana County will host their annual POOL-A-WEEN event. There will be swimming for pumpkins and candy along with “It’s the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown” playing on the big screen in the pool area. There will also be many other spooky activities, including painting pumpkins. The event is on October 30th from 1 to 3:30. 

Another common activity to Halloween is a corn maze. Brooks Farm has a haunted corn maze at 1004 Brooks Farm Road, Punxsutawney, PA (15767). The corn-maze runs on October 22nd, 23rd, the 29th, and 30th. On each of these days it will be held from 7pm to 11pm. 

Another spooky maze is at Scary Harry’s. In 2018 and 2019, Scary Harry’s was voted #5 in Pennsylvania for being a must-see haunt by thescarefactor.com  At Scary Harry’s there is a haunted trail where spooky things may pop out, scare, or frighten people. Scary Harry’s haunted trail is located on 1703 Pierce Road in Homer City, PA (15748) The spooky trail is open Friday through Sunday. Friday and Saturday gates open at 7:00 pm and close at 11:00 pm. On Sundays gates open at 7 pm and close at 9:30 pm. Also a reminder that to go to Scary Harry’s a person MUST be 18 or be accompanied by an adult. 

Also a common thing that students at IJHS do is go skating! The S&T Arena in Indiana, will be hosting a free skate on Halloween. They will also have some spooky music to listen to while you’re skating. People who wear a costume pay only $3. This $3 price also includes skating rentals if needed. This skating event will be held on Halloween (October 31st) from 1 pm to 3pm. The S&T Arena is at 497 East Pike Road in Indiana, PA (15701). 

Halloween is such a fun time for kids so if you live in Indiana, PA go out and have an amazing time at one of these spooky events!

Fall Play: Alice in Wonderland Through the Looking Glass

By Jane Stubbe and Emma Palmer

October 15, 2021

Some readers might be asking when is the play? How many people are in the cast? Who is the main character? The Crimson Arrow has answers. 

The dates of the production are November 6th and 7th, 2021.  On Saturday the 6th the play will run at 7 pm, and on Sunday the 7th, the play will run at 5 pm. Twenty-seven IJHS students are involved in the play.  As for who the main character is to be played by, the answer to that one is, drumroll please . . . Madison Jablunovsky!

“The thing I’m most excited for is to perform and have fun with my friends while doing it,” Jablunovsky says. When asked if she has ever been in a production at the Junior High before, she answers, “No, but I have been in other schools.”

Mrs. Kessel is the Junior High’s brand new play director. “The thing I’m most excited for is to meet lots of new people and share the really cool story of Alice in Wonderland with the school and community,” she told us. Mrs. Kessel says that she just graduated with a theater degree and she has directed many plays there, but she also has done even more plays at the high school in Ebensburg. She then went on to tell us, “I’ve directed lots of high school plays before, but never any middle school, so this will be my first time.” Mrs. Kessel also added that she is also excited because she thinks that our school has an amazing auditorium that she is very eager to use. 

Oliver John, the stage manager, said that  he is most excited to help backstage with everything that needs to be done. Oliver also told us that he enjoys being backstage more than onstage.

So, if you are looking for something fun to do with your family on November 6th or 7th, and even if you aren’t, come to this fun school event. Everyone involved in this play is working hard to make this an amazing production for the school and community. 

Seasons Bring Transitions and Change

by Addison Porter

October 15, 2021

After several months of break, students are back to school and the Crimson Arrow is publishing again! After a few weeks into school, clubs, sports, and activities are starting back up. Another very important thing returning is Fall! 

As the weather gets colder and the days get shorter, it is a great time to pay attention to all of the changes.  If you like the cold or not it will start to get even more beautiful outside with all the leaves changing on the trees and decorations on people’s porches. In just a couple months, there will be snow covering the ground and Christmas lights hung up. But for now, get ready for Halloween and Thanksgiving, because before you know it the Christmas season will start again. 

Fall is an important time to spend time with family and friends, and also go house to house and get free candy– only on Halloween, of course. Junior high students can still have fun trick or treating and playing football before Thanksgiving dinner. Speaking of Thanksgiving, fall sports continue to wrap up their seasons.

Thinking ahead into winter, boys basketball open gyms continue on October, 18th, 20th, 25th and the 28th.  Official tryouts begin November 19th.  Wrestling also begins practice on November 19th. The girls basketball team is already in-season and will have their next game on October 19 at Penn Hills.

We are very excited to have Crimson Arrow start again. Keep reading to stay informed of not only what will happen this Fall but also the rest of this school year.

Junior High Halloween

BY SYDNEY ANDERSON

October 15, 2021

Halloween is a time of year where kids dress up and run the streets asking the all-known question, “Trick or treat?” The only thing is, how many Junior High students are still dressing up and asking for treats? 

Traditionally, thousands of kids dress up to go trick or treating; however, some people think that Junior High is the time to stop trick or treating and start just using their costumes for dances or parties – or not even dress up at all. Halloween is also meant to be a spooky holiday, but some kids take this holiday as an opportunity to look cute or funny. Now, it’s a school-wide discussion if kids are dressing up or not.

Kylie Felton (7), is going trick or treating this year. She said, “Me and my sister are dressing up as characters from Alice in Wonderland”. This unique idea sides with the thought that some kids aren’t looking to be the scariest character this year. Kylie still thinks it’s fine to dress up even in seventh grade, and most of her friends do too.

Sophia Scardina (8), is not going trick or treating this Halloween. She said “I don’t plan on trick or treating or even dressing up this year,” Sophia, who is in eighth grade, thinks that she is too old to dress up anymore and prefers staying home to watch scary movies instead. 

Kids all around the world love to dress up for the fun holiday of Halloween. Many kids that are middle-school-age consider themselves to be too old for the thrill of wandering the streets and asking for candy. Although many kids in IJHS still participate in trick or treating, there are some that claim it’s not as fun as it used to be. Trick or treating is never going to go away, but some kids may stop as they get older, causing Halloween spirit to die down. In the end, Halloween is always going to be fun no matter how you spend it, whether it’s trick or treating or watching a scary movie on your couch.